➊ Family Pull Factors
Push and pull factors migration
These statistics show that there are significantly better academic opportunities in America than in Mexico, which can entice Mexicans to migrate for an improved education, either for themselves or, more likely, their future children, in order to give them more opportunities in the world and allow them to gain higher paying jobs. Assimilation of Mexicans into American communities has been problematic. This is largely due to them living in closed communities of other Mexican immigrants which reduces their need to assimilate with America.
This can, in turn, create tension between migrants and locals which can, in extreme cases, lead to segregation, crime and violence. There are concerns that immigrants are increasing crime rates in areas that they migrate to. In addition, as Mexico is a country associated with drug trafficking, there are concerns that Mexican migrants could be smuggling drugs into America, creating the problem of drug related crimes. The introduction of Mexican cultural traditions to America, especially in states with large numbers of migrants, have helped to improve cultural aspects of those states. Mexican themed food has become incredibly popular in America with burrito and taco fast food shops opening up across the country. With such a large number of Mexican migrants not speaking English fluently, it is now common for Spanish to be taught in American schools, widening the skill set of the younger population and improving the potential career opportunities that students may have.
With so many young people leaving Mexico, its developing an increasingly dependant population as the majority of people left are the elderly who can not work. Furthermore, the lack of young fertile couples is reducing the birth rate in Mexico, further increasing the dependency ratio as there is no workforce to pay taxes to support the elderly. The majority of migrants leaving Mexico are males leaving a population with a high number of females.
This is problematic as they are unable to find partners, get married and, in a mostly catholic country, have children out of wedlock. This is, as mentioned above, reducing the birth rate and increasing the dependency ratio. This was, at first, advantageous, as many Americans did not want these low paying jobs but companies needed people to fill these jobs.
Now, as unemployment rises in America, Americans want these menial jobs but many migrants already have taken the jobs. This can lead to increased social tension as Americans believe that their jobs are being taken. Migrants work at incredibly low wages. Many companies are now also replacing American labour with cheaper migrant labour, also increasing unemployment rates are people are forced out of their jobs. Conversely, the increased amount of money being sent back to Mexico is helping its economy greatly as people now have money to spend on goods and services.
As people move out of Mexico, pressure on land, social services and jobs is being relieved. Unemployment will fall and health services will no longer be over capacity as the population is reduced. The problem, however, arises when the young and skilled workforce leaves, resulting in a shortage of potential workers to fill these newly freed jobs and to work in these social services.
A shortage of medically trained people, for example, could counteract the relieved health system. Unfortunately, the majority of migrants come from rural areas, leaving a shortage of farmers and therefore the potential for food shortages in Mexico as the economically active people from rural areas leave. While many immigrants make the journey for: economic opportunities, escaping natural disasters or even persecutions in their country of birth, immigrant social network can play a crucial. Migration has been the force of change for many European countries throughout history. The author of this paper tackles the matters of migration, minorities and the issues of migration research that have occurred over time. Throughout the article the author poses arguments on the issues of migration research and possible solutions for more coherent research outcomes.
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