✯✯✯ Claudette Colvin Twice Towards Justice Summary

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Claudette Colvin Twice Towards Justice Summary



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Howard, Sheri R. Parris, Lauren E. Purvis and David R. Dolan and Harold D. Steinke and Elisa M. Beyerlein and Ellin Bloch. Camasso and Radha Jagannathan. Swanke, Kerry Littlewood, and Anne Strozier. Ream and Nicholas R. Jay Miller and Larry W. Ausbrooks, Amy D. Benton, Rhonda Smith and Martha S. Brown, Sacha Klein and Julie S. Smith, Helen Koo, Stephen J. Tueller, and Mary Bruce Webb. Feldman and Amanda Fertig. Greeno, Kantahyanee Murray, and Berenice Rushovich. Building upon research relating faith religiosity to positive health and mental health, this study utilized cognitive and religious coping theories to examine the influence of faith on choosing to adopt, achieving positive adoption outcomes, and reducing disproportionality.

The study concludes that faith may be an asset in increasing adoptions and improving adoption outcomes resulting in increased numbers of African American children adopted. Roberts This article examines the community-level impact of concentrated child welfare agency involvement in African American neighborhoods. The author discusses the implications of these findings for a new research paradigm aimed at understanding the community-level effects of racial disproportionality. Rivaux, Joyce James, Kim Wittenstrom, Donald Baumann, Janess Sheets, Judith Henry, and Victoria Jeffries Studies have found that certain racial groups, particularly the children of African American families, are placed in foster care at a higher rate than children of other races.

These families are also sometimes found to be afforded fewer services that might prevent these removals, relative to families of other races. It is unclear why this is so. Poverty has been suspected, and sometimes found, to be the primary cause of the disparity. It is important to understand this process if we are to find a way to correct it. The current study addresses this process. Findings indicate that even when controlling for risk and poverty as well as other relevant factors , race affects the decision to provide services and to remove. We find that poverty is associated with higher risk scores. We also find that the risk scores of African American families in cases that are closed, those receiving Family Based Safety Services, and those resulting in children being removed are lower than the risk scores for Anglo families in the same groups.

In particular, the risk threshold for providing services or removing a child is higher for Anglo Americans than for African Americans. Shaw Most studies of ethnic disproportionality in child welfare examine data in one of two ways: a point in time approach or an entry cohort approach. While each provides insight into disproportionality, neither gives a full picture of the differences among ethnic groups in the experience of the child welfare system over time.

This study uses longitudinal administrative child welfare data to examine ethnic disproportionality in involvement with the child welfare system during the first seven years of life at three levels of contact: 1 initial referrals, 2 substantiated referrals, and 3 first entries. Findings suggest the experience of African American families, and probably Native America families, with the child welfare system is much different from other families. We then highlight the application of life table results in advocacy.

Newspaper commentaries and presentations for community groups using these results raised awareness with policymakers and in turn helped to increase funding and programming that addresses disproportionality. Life table results point to the role of age and geography in understanding why disproportionality occurs. We conclude by describing how one community is using these results to develop interventions and reform strategies based on addressing these age and geography factors.

Miller and Kristin J. Ward Racial disproportionality in child welfare has been discussed as a seemingly intractable challenge with complex contributing factors. Some argue that these dynamics are far too difficult to be significantly impacted by public child welfare systems alone. The Breakthrough Series Collaborative BSC methodology, incorporating an analysis of structural racism and potential system bias, was proffered as a tool for engaging public child welfare agencies in a rapid, action-oriented process for identifying innovative strategies and practices to reduce racial disproportionality and disparate outcomes.

A theory of change is presented and critical lessons learned are shared in the form of collaborative reflections. Data from one site—Woodbury County, Iowa—are used as an example. This article provides the background and method for identification and measurement of key decision points in the child welfare system to track change affected by multisystemic approaches to reduce disproportionality.

Interpretation of the results in the scorecard is provided and recommendations for future interventions based on the data are discussed. Koch, and Clara Anderson The state of Indiana recommended a committee be formed to address the disproportional representation of black youth in out-of-home placements. This article presents the development, objectives and future of the IDC.

The IDC, in partnership with another organization, has begun exploring relationships between ethnicity, risk factors and treatment outcomes. The results of this research effort have examined disproportion and disparity, leading the IDC to identify needs for change within the state. Barriers and successes of the IDC will be shared, so that others can use these efforts to guide their own strategies to reduce disproportionality. In the Iowa Department of Human Services implemented two pilot demonstration projects to address overrepresentation of Native American and African American children in the child welfare system.

Results obtained over two years indicate improved worker and participant alliance, family functioning, and outcomes for children. Findings are discussed and recommendations are provided for further improvements in practice, research, and evaluation to reduce racial disparities the child welfare system. The research-based strategies implemented to address the issue focused on children in care longer than two years.

They included participation in the Breakthrough Series Collaborative on Racial Disproportionality, implementation of benchmark hearings, and development of Champions for Permanence. Over the past two years, the POE has been implemented in the Compton area by providing more thorough investigations, engaging families, and delivering needed services to children and families within their homes and communities. POE has demonstrated a reduction in the number of children removed from their families, an increase in the number of children returned to their families within one year, and an increase in the number of children finding legal permanency. In this study, 97 children from ages 10 to 12 from either foster boarding homes or a residential treatment center participated.

Findings revealed that problematic sexualized behaviors were more prevalent in the residential treatment center RTC sample than they were in a normative sample. The pattern of associations between sexual behavior problems, traumatic events, and clinical syndromes in both the RTC and the foster boarding home FBH samples was similar to what has been found in samples in which biological custodial parents were the respondents.

Analyses comparing youth who met the criterion for having problematic sexualized behaviors and youth who did not meet the criterion revealed that the two groups differed on clinical symptoms, prior traumatic events, and negative reports by caregivers. Results confirm the utility of the CSBI measure for this population and highlight several important clinical and programmatic concerns for addressing problematic sexual behavior in children in the child welfare system. Green, Anna Rockhill, and Scott Burrus Meeting the needs of families who are involved with the child welfare system because of a substance abuse issue remains a challenge for child welfare practitioners.

In order to improve services to these families, there has been an increasing focus on improving collaboration between child welfare, treatment providers, and the court systems. This paper presents the results from qualitative interviews with representatives of these three systems that explore how the collaborative process works to benefit families, as well as the barriers and supports for building successful collaborations. Each of these leads to different kinds of benefits for families as well as providers and has different implications for building successful collaborative interventions. Challenges that remain for successful collaborations are discussed.

The study utilized a cross-sectional survey design involving in-home, semistructured interviews with children ages 6 to 13 in two urban California counties. Of the children who participated in face-to-face interviews, 59 were living with kin caregivers and 41 were living with nonkin. Standardized instruments and measures developed specifically for this study were employed. Findings indicate that while children assess their homes as safe, neighborhood conditions are often challenging. A significant proportion of children reveal less than optimal relationships with their caregivers, and many experience feelings of impermanence.

Nevertheless, children report positive regard for the caregiving they receive and are optimistic about the future. Implications for practice and research are addressed. Sites This article describes differences in perceptions of the child welfare work environment among Title IV-E educated individuals who remain within public child welfare and those who sought employment elsewhere after fulfilling a legal work commitment. Job satisfaction, emotional exhaustion, and personal accomplishment were predictive of staying versus leaving.

The empirical evidence suggests that efforts to retain highly skilled and educated public child welfare workers should focus on creating positive organizational climates within agencies. Ryan, Mark F. Testa, and Fuhua Zhai Juvenile delinquency remains a significant problem for child welfare systems throughout the United States. Unfortunately little is known about the factors that connect the experiences of maltreatment and delinquency. This lack of knowledge makes it nearly impossible to decrease the risk of delinquency for children in foster care. To improve the understanding of juvenile delinquency in the child welfare system, the current study tests aspects of social control theory within the context of foster care.

We focus specifically on the effects of foster parent-foster child attachment, commitment, and permanence. The results indicate that strong levels of attachment decrease the risk of delinquency for youth in foster care. Involvement with religious organizations also decreases the risk of delinquency. In contrast, perceptions of placement instability, placement with relatives, and school suspensions are associated with an increased risk of delinquency. Megan Berthold This study examines the characteristics and patterns of child maltreatment among Cambodian refugee families in Los Angeles and assesses the implications for child welfare practice with Cambodian refugee families.

Some of the major findings include 1 Cambodian child maltreatment cases were most frequently reported to the LAC-DCFS among various Asian Pacific ethnic groups; 2 Cambodian refugee families were more likely to be charged with neglect, while their Asian Pacific counterparts were more likely charged with physical abuse; 3 the circumstance under which maltreatment occurred most frequently was parental substance abuse and mental illness; and 4 while fathers who maltreated their child were likely to use alcohol, mothers were also more likely to have a mental health problem such as depression.

This study suggests the importance of collaboration between Child Protective Service agencies, substance abuse programs, traditional healers, mental health services, and other social service agencies for effective child abuse prevention and intervention efforts. Baker, Marc Archer, and Patrick Curtis This study aimed to determine what youth characteristics were associated with emotional and behavioral problems exhibited within the first three months of placement in residential treatment centers RTCs in a sample of youth from 20 agencies in 13 states.

Two primary research questions were addressed: 1 What characteristics were associated with behavior during the transition to care? Data were drawn from the Time 1 phase of the longitudinal national Odyssey Project dataset developed by the Child Welfare League of America. The results revealed significant gender-specific patterns of associations between youth characteristics and behavior exhibited during the transition to RTC placement.

Notably, a sexual abuse history was associated with Externalizing for girls and Internalizing for boys and entering on psychotropic medication was associated with Internalizing for girls and boys and Externalizing for boys only. Results suggest many avenues for refining practice. At the federal level, with the Child and Family Service Review process, the government is documenting that states across the country are not conforming to federal child welfare requirements DHHS, put in place to ensure the safety and well-being of children. One of the most crucial underlying causes of these inadequacies is a workforce that lacks the manpower for the tasks it confronts. To meet performance standards for the seven major Adoption and Safe Family Act child welfare safety outcomes, child protection agencies must stop the outward flow of staff from the workplace.

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Abdulrazak Gurnah has won this year's Nobel Prize in literature. Gurnah has written 10 novels, including Paradise , which was shortlisted for the Booker Prize. He is the first Black person awarded the prize since Toni Morrison in As he navigates his grief, it's his conversations with books that guide him through. Harrow's A Spindle Splintered gives us a Sleeping Beauty for today, cursed not by an evil fairy but by an industrial accident, and yanked into another dimension where she must save a princess.

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